Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc <p>Research Journal of Islamic civilization and culture (JICC), was started in June-2018. It<br>is a peer reviewed journal and is published biannually by the Department of Islamic/Pakistan<br>Studies, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan.</p> en-US muneer@ahbabtrust.org (Dr. Muneer Ahmed) nazir.ahmed@ahbabtrust.org (Nazir Ahmed) Wed, 23 Mar 2022 10:16:42 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 معاملاتِ مالیہ میں حوالہ کا کردار https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/158 <p><em>Hawalah is a Shariah contract, which plays a very important role in financial matters, especially nowadays when the practice of lying, misrepresentation and fraud is common, Every trader wants to save money,But he did not have any way without Hawalah contract. A person can get the safety of his money, especially for a person who is indebted to someone. The Hawalah is very useful for him. The fact of Hawalah is that one debtor says to another that you owe to lender from me. Pay, the person acknowledges it, by doing to the original debtor, however it also stipulates that the recipient must also agree, if he does not agree then the matter of hawalah is incorrect. once the hawalah is correct, the owner of the right does not have the right to demand from the original debtor, Because the Sharia absolves him and makes accepter of hawalah answerable to pay money. However, he can demand the debtor after paying or before from it. This article consists the details of Hawalah. </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Noman Khalid, Shafqat Ullah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/158 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 بیع تعاطی کا تعارف اور اس کی جدید تطبیقات میں عرف کردار https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/159 <p>Different types of transactions are used in our daily life. Some time things are bought on cash, and some time on&nbsp; &nbsp;credit(قرض),</p> <p>some times advance payment are made and also some one gives order to get something&nbsp; not yet made. Similarly partnership are made with others on equal shares and sometime on &nbsp;&nbsp;give money and the other man gives services.&nbsp; In this paper Baie Moa, ata(بیع معاطاۃ)will be discussed.</p> <p>It is a type of business in which a person takes a commodity of his need, makes payment without saying &nbsp;&nbsp;words of offer and accept</p> <p>(<em>ایجاب اور قبول</em> ) which is must for transactions (<em>بیع</em>)to be fulfilled. Authenticity or lawfulness of &nbsp;&nbsp;Baie Moa,ata(<em>بیع معاطاۃ</em>)&nbsp; will be discussed in the light of Quran, sunnah and&nbsp; Ijmaa(<em>اجماع</em>).In this regard the views of different sects(<em>مسالک</em>) of fiqah will also be highlited</p> Muhammad zareef, Muhammad Shuaib Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/159 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 علامہ اقبالؔ اور احمد شوقی کے کلام میں مماثلت https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/160 <p>A poet has a very sensitive and critical heart. He is influenced by the his surroundings and atmosphere just like a layman is but being a sensitive soul a poet has very strong feelings about the nature and his surroundings. He feels and notices things that go unnoticed by a layman. This is the basic difference between a poet and a layman. Poets belonging to different nationalities and times share commonalities among them and this is a natural phenomenon. This shared property among them is a natural thing. Sometimes there a spatial gape among the poets and sometimes there is considerable gape of time among them but because they read the poetry of other poets, it is natural thing that they get influenced by each other and sometimes they copy the concepts, contents or style from each other. Similarly, sometimes poets are contemporary to each other and they face similar issues and problems as faced by other poets of the same age and place. All the poets are influenced by those incidents but they express it in their own peculiar ways. To the same category fall the Egyptian poet Ahmad Shooqi and sub continental/ Pakistan poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal. They are not only contemporary to each other but they also share other similarities. For example both have same religion, both had their higher education in the West and both are highly patriotic poets. In the present paper I have tried to explore such similarities in themes and style in the poetry of the two poets.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Hend abdul haleem mahfuz, Syed Naeem Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/160 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 عہدِ نبوی (ﷺ)مدنی دورکے نظامِ مالیات کا جائزہ :دفاعی نقطہ نظر سے https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/161 <p><em>Most of the necessities of Human Lift are related to “wealth” whether it is direct or indirect. This is called “Resources” in other words. According to the Quran, the survival of human life depends on wealth. In Islam, along with financial system, the defense system is also important. If the financial system is good, then the defense system will also be good. Just as an Islamic State needs a strong financial system, so does a strong defense system. Whether, it is related to internal concerns or external concerns such as spending on forces. The reward of thirteen years of the Makki Era did not look, but after a few years, the reward of the same Era was given in the form of a Strong and Stable State of Madina. </em></p> <p><em>After Hijra, you put the Mahajarren on Employment. Nabi (SAW) set the Equality between Mahajreen and Ansar. Meesaqe Madina fixed with Jews. These were just initial steps. Except these, In the Madani Era compared to Makki Era, the financial system exists in an organized and regular form. Then, the basis sources of financial systems for defense in Madina were, as they have a major role in the State Defense,like Zakaat, Sadqaat, Ushar, Jezia, Khiraj and Maale Ghaneemat etc. </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Salamatullah, Syed Naeem Badshah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/161 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 منهج العلامة سليمان بن سحمان مع المخالفين https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/162 <p>Main Source: The Research is extracted out of my PhD Thesis.</p> <p>Research Summary: It is comprised of an Introduction, Two Chapters and a conclusion. Moreover the Introduction discusses the essentails of this Research. It also discusses translation by Sulaiman Bin Sahman whereas the first chapter is concerned with Sulaiman's dealings with Opponents. The Second Chapter has an elaborate view of Sulaiman's principles on his critical approach towards opponents.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Abdul ur rehman sham ul din, Badr al muqbil alafeeri Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/162 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 دور القرآن الكريم في الشعر العربي https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/163 <p>The Holy Quran is the last Book which Almighty Allah has revealed on Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) for the guidance of the entire humanity till the Day of Judgment. The Quran covers all aspects of human life, therefore, it is a universal book and it is in Arabic which is a universal language. Arabic in its vocabulary, depth of meaning and rhetoric was&nbsp;&nbsp; considered to be a rich language even before the Quran came. When the Quran came, it further polished these characteristics of Arabic and gave it new color and eternal life. The Quran influenced the Arabic language in many aspects. One important aspect is how Quran influenced Arabic Poetry. All the philologists agree that the Quran has changed Arabic Poetry. This influence is quite visible in the works of the Poets during the period of Prophet (S.A.W), his four Caliphs and onward; even up to the modern age. The Quran has influenced Arabic Poetry in many ways; we see that some poets in their poetry have used the verse(s) of the Holy Quran with their Quranic meaning, while others have used Quranic verses, not in their Quranic sense but in their dictionary meaning. Besides, a lot of Quranic vocabulary has been used by the poets of the past, as well as, the poets of modern age. In this way, their poetry has become more ornamented and more attractive because of the miracle of Holy Quran. The Quran converted their tribal enmity into ‘Jihad’ and gave it a positive direction for the welfare of the entire humanity. This thing reflected in the poetry of the period of ignorance. The poets of this period made their poetry an effective tool of propagation and expansion of the Message of the Prophet. Instead of admiring wine and women, they started promoting good things and moral values. The use of the Quranic words and Quranic verses, which started during the life of the Prophet, is still continuing till modern age.</p> Ahbab Trust Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/163 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Indian Hindutva and Italian Fascism: A Critical Appraisal https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/164 <p>In post WWI, the wave of nationalism had influenced many European countries particularly Italy and Germany. The Italian fascism and German Fascism emerged as the most influential nationalist policies. Other parts of the world also came under the influence of nationalism. In the Indian subcontinent, the rise of political struggle against British imperialism was started. There were different political groups or parties started that their political struggle. One of them was the rise of Hindu nationalism based on the ideology of <em>Hindutva. Hindutva</em> was wholly influenced by Italy and German Fascists. This was the reason that the founder of <em>Hindutva</em>, V. D. Savarkar systematized his ideology due to the influence of Italian fascism. Due to such influence, both <em>Hindutva </em>and fascism have similar and distinctive features. This paper has mainly focused on the comparative study of both the <em>Hindutva </em>and fascism based upon qualitative approach.</p> Ayub Rehman, Dr. Amir Ullah Khan, Syed Naeem Badshah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/164 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Pentadic Analysis of Paul Kalanithi’s When Breath Becomes Air and Islamic Teachings about Dramatic Structure of Life https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/165 <p><em>This paper studies the memoir “When Breath Becomes Air” with the lens of Pedantic Analysis. It studies the dialogues and narratives of the characters by dissecting each of them through the Pedantic Analysis. It covers the tools of Pedant and analyse the novel accordingly. The Pedantic Analysis helps the readers to study the text delicately and understand the narratives. </em></p> Muhammad Farooq Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/165 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Pashtoon Culture and their Love for Islam https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/166 <p>It is important to emphasize the importance of Pashtun culture in Afghan society, even if ‘modern’ Afghanistan is keen to demonstrate (both to itself and the outside world) its multi-ethnic self-image. Pashtuns have traditionally dominated Afghanistan, so the extent that the term ‘Afghan’ was originally used as a synonym of ‘Pashtun’. Afghan emirs (referred to as ‘kings’ or ‘shahs’ since 1926) have all been members of the (Pashtun) Durrani ‘tribe’, whose geographical heartland surrounds the city of Kandahar.1 This Pashtun element is essential to understanding Afghanistan’s history, including the last fifteen years period, dominated by the rise, fall and steady resilience of the Taliban movement. The latter is, of course, perceived as an extremist movement belonging to the totalitarian end of the spectrum of political Islam, but reducing the Taliban simply to its religious driving forces would be shortsighted. Indeed, Pashtun nationalism is a key element of the Taliban movement (Sinno, 2008). Though this fact is well known, it is comparatively unacknowledged by global media coverage, whose main focus is factors that overlap with Al-Qaida, such as ‘terrorism’ and ‘backwardness’, thus amalgamating the two in the common perception.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ma Qiang, Syed Naeem Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture https://www.ahbabtrust.org/ojs/index.php/jicc/article/view/166 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000