Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture <p>Research Journal of Islamic civilization and culture (JICC), was started in June-2018. It<br>is a peer reviewed journal and is published biannually by the Department of Islamic/Pakistan<br>Studies, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan.</p> en-US (Dr. Muneer Ahmed) (Nazir Ahmed) Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 ملتان میں مندر اورخا نقا ہیں : ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p><em>The Multan city figures prominently during the Alexander’s invasion of India as the principal town of the Malli. The ancient form of the latter would in this case be Malasthan, from which the modern Mooltan or Multan would be an easy abbreviation The name of Mooltan translates “City of the Temple of the sun”, an epithet derived from the worship of the sun for which the city was once famous. Rig veda was written in place of Multan (711–855) Muhammad bin Qasim would come on behalf of the Arabs, and take Multan along with Sindh. His conquest was accompanied by much plundering Muhammad bin Qasim's conquest; the city was securely under Muslim rule, although it was in effect an independent state. There are various Mausoleums and shrines of Multan due to Multan's rich heritage of saints. 11th century, the city was attacked twice by Mahmud of Ghazni who destroyed the Sun Temple and broke its giant Idol Ismaili state. Mahmud of Gazni invaded in 1005. During this era many saints came in Multan and its preaching the result Islam has been spread rapidity Multan and all over the sub-continent. Today’s Multan is known as the “City of Saints” because besides Sheikh Bahauddin Zakariya, other prominent saints such as Shah Rukn-e-Alam, Shamsuddin Sabzwari Multani, and Muhammad Shah Yusaf Gardez and Shams Tabrez are also buried in this city. This article intends to introduce Multan and its Mausoleums and shrines.</em></p> Sobia Khan, Monazza Hayat Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 پاکستانی دستور میں سیاسی انتظامیہ کا تصور رعایت اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں تحقیقی جائزہ <p><em>The group of people who run the state affairs is called the administration. In Pakistan here are two types of administration, one is called political administration and the other is called non-political (civil service) administration. - Rules and regulations are formulated so that they can run the country management in a systematic manner. The rules which are made for political administration in Pakistan include rules regarding their rights, duties, powers and protections. The rules that exist in Pakistan for the protection of political administration include privileges, exceptions, protocols, concessions, and rules governing arbitration and discrimination. </em></p> <p><em>In this research article, the concept of immunity in administration is selected and it is sought to see what are the rules of concession regarding the administration of Pakistan and how the administration uses these rules. The concept of concession is related to the teachings not only in religious matters but also in concession for rulers regarding state administration. And legal matters include a discount to the administration rules difficulty in meeting the state, its explanation equality and legal requirements which the misuse of these laws countless. This article examines the exemplary rules of Pakistan's political administration in the light of Islamic teachings, as it has been observed that the administration uses the laws recklessly, including obtaining allowances despite rights, non-participation in parliamentary meetings, Spousal privileges, freedom of expression in parliament and the exclusion of judicial accountability, etc. It is important to ensure the optimal use of these laws and the unnecessary exemptions must be changed by legislation.</em></p> Dr.Fayyaz Ahmad Farooq , Dr. Razia Shabana, Afifa Rashid Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 برصغیر پاک وہند کے علمائے سلوک کے دینی خدمات <p><em>The </em><em>s</em><em>ub</em><em>۔</em><em>continent has been the center of different sciences and arts. In this region, Ulamai۔e۔Sulook of different ages did a lot for the nourishment of </em><em>s</em><em>ciences and arts and got such achievements in philosophy, fine arts, history, politics, palmistry, astrology, mathematics and medical field which still serve &nbsp;as beacon for the people of the present age.</em></p> <p><em>This is the reason when Islam came into this region and people embraced it then such kind of people emerged from them who devoted their lives for the preaching of Islam.&nbsp; As a result, this era saw the birth of such experts (in the field of Islamic Sciences) who, on one side, introduced to people the true teachings of Islam through preaching and, on the other side,&nbsp; they made authoring, teaching, learning of Quran, Hadith and Fiqa, their aim of life.</em></p> <p><em>Ulamie۔e۔Sulook of sub۔continent trained their disciples in the light of Quran and Hadith and that was the reason that these disciples became Islamic leaders after getting inspiration from their teachers. Apart from the schooling of people, they remained in the front line to serve Quran and Hadith. They also&nbsp;&nbsp; served in the field of&nbsp; ‘Fiqa’.</em></p> Noor Islam , Dr. Muhammady Abdul Baseer Huzairi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 افراد معاشرہ کی کردار سازی اوراسلامی تعلیمات <p><em>Character building of civilians is very significant in the development of society. Social factors much affectively the growth training and character building of society peoples. The concept of welfare society can be understood by the people’s actions, thought and way of life. No society can make progress unless the people character building cannot be made in better way. Human life is much affected with courtesy, good manners and ways of life Social as well as some other factors. These demands more attention in character buildings. In modern age, it is an important obligation. Thus, it is necessary to give importance to the people character building so that all the peoples can perform their best role in society development.That why the parents should play their positive roles in character buildings. In this article, the people character building evaluated in the teaching of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and which applicable procedure is developed in the light of today demand.</em></p> Dr. Razia Shabana , Dr.Fayyaz Ahmad Farooq , Afifa Rashid Copyright (c) Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 فقہ اسلامی کی روشنی میں پاکستان پرزنز رولز مجریہ 1978ء کے قوانین سزائے موت کا تنقیدی جائزہ <p><strong><em>Islam is a complete code of life. It provides guidelines for every aspect of humanity that is why it is necessary to establish a comprehensible and detailed system of punishment in order to maintain social peace and satisfaction. That is why Islam commands Hudud, Qisas and Tazir for various crimes. The Hudud is the punishment and its limitations prescribed by allah such as theft, adultery, alcohol, apostasy, robbery etc. Qisas is the punishment of death for murderer. Tazir is punishment not prescribed by allah but is based on the discretion of the Allah.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>The system of any society or state cannot survive without its system of punishment and retribution as Allah said “If it were not for Allah checking(some) people by means of others, the earth would have been corrupted” that is why efforts have been made in Pakistan since 1947 to reform this system. Whereby a law for reform of Prisons and inmates “Pakistan Prisons Rules, 1978” was issued. Its chapter no.15 provides a detailed explanation of the death penalty. In which every crime punishable by death is mentioned by hanging and dying. The hands and feet of the criminal should be tied and a strong rope should be attached to his neck and should be hanged from a tall wood until he dies.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Islam prescribes the death penalty for robbers. The rest of the punishment for adultery is stoning, the punishment of intentional murder is beheading with the sword, the punishment of theft is to cut off the hands of thief.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>That’s why, in Islam it is not permissible to give the death penalty in the form of execution.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Therefore, by reviewing the punishments related to execution under this act, the punishments prescribed by shariah, should be determined accordingly which will be the guarantor of lasting social peace and tranquility.</em></strong></p> Abdul Jalil, Dr.Mubarak Shah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 تحفظ ماحول کے احکام نصوص قرآنیہ اور سنت رسول اللہﷺ کی روشنی میں تحقیقی مطالعہ <p><em>Universe is the great creation of Allah. Allah Almighty made man His caliph in universe. Human being is distinct part of this universe; So Universe and Human being are the elements of complementary to each other. Universe and its system are operating in an organized and integrated scientific manner. Nature creates compatible atmosphere for safety of human being.</em></p> <p><em>Maintaining the environment with its natural protection is in accordance with Islamic teachings,</em> <em>and human being is responsible to safety of the environment. Environment protection&nbsp;is an important aspect of&nbsp;Islam. Muslims is vicegerent of Allah on earth so Muslims are responsible to care for the environment in pro-active manner.</em> <em>Different species, be it plants or animals have been created for a specific purpose.</em></p> <p><em>The Holy Quran provides comprehensive and clear teachings for protection of the environment and human survival.</em> <em>Holy Quran emphases man to live an eco-friendly, moderate, balanced and without causing any destruction or harm</em> <em>to nature.</em><em> Allah says, in Holy Quran: (Qur’an, 2:60)&nbsp; &nbsp;وَلَا تَعْثَوْا فِى الْاَرْضِ مُفْسِدِيْنَ</em><em>(Translation) “And do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.</em><em>” </em></p> <p><em>Allah said in another place</em><em>: وَلَا تَبْغِ الْفَسَادَ فِي الْاَرْضِ&nbsp; ۭ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِيْنَ&nbsp; (Qur’an 28:77) “And do </em><em>not desire corruption in the land. Indeed, God does not like corruptors.”</em></p> <p><em>Holy prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) took practical steps to keep the environment green and to ensure the protection of the environment. The holy prophet spent his entire life in helping and caring for mankind and also other creation of Allah, an eco-friendly effort, to restore/preserving the peace of the universe, planting trees and protecting the environment. Holy prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him)says,&nbsp; If a Muslim plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, it is regarded as a charitable gift (sadaqah) for him.”&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>One of the biggest and most serious problem facing the world today is global warming, freshwater scarcity, depletion of biodiversity, ozone depletion. In this article describes the important elements of the environment, land, water, and types of air pollution. The reasons for polluting the environment are explained in the light of the facts. This paper is an attempt to briefly present the rules for the protection of the environment have been stated in the light of the verses of the holy Quran and the Hadith/Sunnah of the Prophet(peace be upon him),and the protection of human survival is one of the main goals of islamic Shari’ah. </em></p> Dr Rashida Parveen, Dr Ayesha Snober , Dr. Ihsanullah chishti, Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 سیکولرازم اور اشتراکیت کے متعلق مولانا عبید اللہ سندھیؒ کے افکار و نظریات: تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p><em>Modern movements in the Western world have introduced innovative ideas in the political and social arena. Secularism is one of them as it is recognized as the best form of government for a multi-religious society which means that believers of all religions should be free to live according to their own religion and the state should keep itself free from religious coercion. Same is the case with the theory of communism. There have been some Muslim scholars who have strongly opposed secularism and communism and called them anti-Islamic ideologies. But it was just an extremist reaction. This cannot be called a thought-provoking or solution finding positive approach. But in this regard, Maulana Obaidullah Sindhi has shown great flexibility and open mindedness in his thoughts where no intensity and intolerance can be find. Maulana Sindhi is a modern thinker and religious scholar. Allah Almighty bestowed him the opportunity and capability to discover the solution to modern issues from religious perspectives in a positive manner. This aptitude became the center of his intellectual and ijtihad talents. So he led the Islamic movements of her time religiously, socially, politically and economically. He effectively presented the accurate Islamic thoughts to counter the issues of secularism and communism. Maulana Sindhi considers the teachings of Imam Shah Waliullah Dehlavi as the basis for his thoughts and ideas. This article brings a fruitful analytical research study on Maulana Sindhi’s thoughts on secularism and communism which further can open the new dimensions for researchers.</em></p> Abid Hussain, , Dr. Shabbir Hussain,, Abiddul Hassan, Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 معاصرمالیاتی اداروں میں رائج شریعہ آڈٹ کے تقاضے اورطرق ہائے کار کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p><em>Islamic Banking is fastly growing phenomena among the Muslim society all over the world the numbers of the preveous decade indicates that the future of this kind of banking will be exceptional. Sharia governance is the basic pillar of this system and sharia audit is one of the most important parts of sharia governance to ensure that the operations of the islamic financial institute are in accordance with the sharia rules and principles.</em><em>In this paper, the concept of audit, its history and different types of audits are discussed; the sharia audit is elaborated in detail while explaining the regulations issued by various bodies of islamic financial institution like AAOIFI, IFSB and SBP.</em><em>Keeping in view the present practices, reccomdations are presented for the betterment and improvement of the present sharia audit practices in Islamic financial instituions.</em></p> Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmad, Dr. Javed Khan, Prof.Dr.Muhammad Farooq Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 حرکةالترجمةوازدهارهاوواجبات المترجم(دراسةخاصة) <p><em>The article entitled: ‘Movement of Translation its development and duties of Translator” (special study (is a comprehensive study of Qur’anic &amp;Translational study. The article presents a brief history of Translation from the beginning of the period of Humanism. Various meanings, shapes and kinds of the word:“Translation” in Arabic has been described as well as its root, derivation and usage in Arabic and other Major languages.</em></p> <p><em>No doubt, translation is a very difficult task, especially translation of the meanings of Holy Quran. Language of the Holy Qur’an is very rich and has many shades of meanings, sothat, a common man has not capability to transfer its meanings into other than Arabic language. A translator of the meaning of Holy Qur’an has to be qualified with characteristics mentioned in authentic basic books of competent Muslim Writers and has to be expert in, styles, phrases, terms syntax and morphology of both languages.</em></p> <p><em>. Art of translation and its implementation through the opinions of great writers’ translators and thinkers also have been described in the research paper.Historical and MajorsInstitutions of translation in various periods have been described in the article. Eminent translators and their contribution regarding this field have been described briefly. In the last duties of a translator and specially translator of the meanings of Holy Quran has been described trough the light of the opinions of great Muslim scholars. I hope the article will be beneficentfor the scholars of Qur’anic and rest of Islamic and Arabic studies.</em></p> Dr Muhammad Saleem , Shazia Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 دواعي التوكيد وأغراضها البلاغية في القرآن الكريم <p>In the world of literature, Rhetoric is one of the most important themes for both the writer and the reader. Because, the rhetoric assists the writer to express his thoughts in a much denoted style, and same is the case with the reader as it is the same rhetoric that makes him able to understand the literary piece at its core.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>One of the most important terminologies of rhetoric is “Emphasis” called “Taakeed” in its Arabic terms. Like every other languages, the literature of Arabs, and Particularly, the holy Quran heeds a lot towards style of Emphasis; probably, because Quran has a lot of ordains and prohibitions in its text, and it all needs to be emphasize where it becomes really necessary to act upon.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>As it is known that the Holy Quran is here in order to keep the mankind guiding till the worldly life ends; like other rhetorical terms, the reader finds everywhere “Emphasis”. This research article negotiates with reasons why emphasis was needed, and what were the objectives to emphasize.</p> Dr. Muhammad Shuaib Yousaf , Dr.Dost Muhammad , Dr. Saleem Ullah khan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 دور عبدالمنعم الخفاجی فی نشر العلوم العربیة والاسلامیة <p><em>Khafaja is one of the major Arabs tribes especially in Iraq and Egypt as well as Saudia Arabia, Syria and Jordan, Abdul Munum Al-Khafaji an Egyptian scholar and poet, and writes. Writer he contributed to Arabic literature in various aspects.&nbsp; He got the title of &nbsp;&nbsp;Jahiz. II This Article focuses on his contribution for the promotion of Arabic and Islamic Literature in modern era.</em></p> Dr.Imrana Shahzadi , Maryam Siddiqa Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 المرويات الضعيفة عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما في باب النسخ وأثرها على الأحكام (دراسة بحثية) <p><em>This research paper studies the weak/ Dhaieef&nbsp; narrators who have narrated from Ibn e Abbas RA related to Al-Naskh, we had collected all narrations related to al-Naskh from different books of Tafsir and Hadiths, there is various chain of narrators from Ibn e Abbas RA These weak narrater are Attia al-Aofi, Zahhak bin Mazahim al-Hilali, Abu Salih bazam, Usman bin Atta al-Khurasani, Muhammad bin Saib al-Kalbi. In this article we had discussed the reasons why these narrators are weak/ Dhaieef and what is its impact on Al-Ahkam.&nbsp; We had discussed briefly the about the biography of Abdullah ibn e Abbas RA and then the weak narrations and then conclusion. There is total 21 narrations with 10 types of chains.</em></p> Dr. Amjad Hayat, Dr. Muhammad Saeed Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Quranic Perspectives, Scientific Thoughts, and its Mundane Applications: Analytical Commentary <p><em>The contemporary age of global dynamism, fast track paradigm shifts and scientific explorations, Quranic interpretation of human thoughts is essential as it is closely related to the fundamental roles and responsibilities of people living modern ages. In the current times many confusions and complexities continuously arise regarding the scientific phenomenon and its interpretation in the principles provided by the Quran. Although much has been written on this topic, however, less is known related to some critical scientific phenomenon and their relational interpretation in the light of Quranic injunctions and principles. This paper presents an elaboration of Quranic perspectives on scientific thoughts, its interpretations, and applications in worldly affairs. We further present an analysis of scientific phenomenon and encourage critique from the Islamic society for understanding the Quranic interpretation of scientific phenomenon and its applications. The review concludes that both Quranic principles and scientific phenomenon are mutually complimentary and supplementary because science is the manifestation of human explorations while Quranic thoughts and principles are the guidelines for human course. It is further concluded that in essence, modern science is the actual use of Quranic principles and teaching to the benefit of humanity in practical terms. </em></p> Prof. Dr. Jamil Ahmad , Dr. Iqbal Ahmad Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Current Educational Challenges & Solutions in the Perspective of Islam <p><em>One of the major challenges facing the Muslim Ummah is our education system today. This education system is neither in accordance with Islamic teachings nor does it meet the modern needs of Muslims. Therefore, it is important for Muslims to change this education system and restructure it according to Islamic requirements and modern needs. The purpose of education in every society is to develop a person who&nbsp; have believes and ideologies that the society believes in and to educate him in such a way that he can become a useful member of that society. For this, it is necessary to understand the purpose and importance of education and its current situation and to consider the method of its Islamic reconstruction. It can be said in the Islamic context that knowledge in Islam means knowledge of guidance. The fact that knowledge is for action indicates the fact that education is for action and the inevitable result and learning must be the application of that knowledge. This necessity of knowledge and action also shows us the importance of education because salvation in the hereafter depends on action. The Hereafter will come in the form of salvation, i.e, the pleasure of Allah Almighty and the attainment of His blessings. It also shows the importance of purification and training. That is, if knowledge is not put into practice and the result of education is not manifested in the form of training and self-purification, then such knowledge is useless. Rather, knowledge that is not practiced is bad for human beings. The skills required for this should be determined and efforts should be made to acquire them and it should be considered who will do this work.</em></p> Dr.Farhat, Syed Naeem Badshah Badshah, Amir Ullah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Centre-Province Relations in an Islamic Republic: A Case of the Centre-Punjab Relations During Benazir Bhutto’s First Government (1988-1990) in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan <p><em>Centre-province relations have always been an exemplary note in the discussion about the theory and practice of Islamic State. Relations between the Centre and the Units always play pivotal role in the smooth functioning of the government in any federation. Cordiality of this relationship becomes most important where there is marked numerical difference in the population of the federating units. In case of Pakistan this reality has proved even more important as one of the federating units i.e., Punjab carries numerical majority than rest of the three federating units together. Being the most populous province of Pakistan, its support is not only a key for the success of any government in the centre but is also vital for the smooth functioning of the federal structure of the country. However, in spite of this, the relationship between the centre and the Punjab remained far from exemplary since inception of the state. For instance during the early fifties the Daultana government in Punjab encouraged anti-Ahmadi rites to create problems for the federal government of Nazimuddin. Contrary to this during the tenure of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Zia ul Haq, the Punjab government was nothing to do but to act upon the instructions of the central government. Conversely, when Benazir, the first woman prime minister of Muslim world came into power in 1988 differences deepened and the relations between the federal government and the Punjab remained highly tense. During this period both the governments did not make any serious efforts to improve their relations. Benazir’s failure to develop smooth relations with the Punjab government was one of the major causes of her government’s premature dismissal. The present paper is an effort to understand the Centre- Punjab relationship during the first tenure of Benazir’s government and to dig out the multifarious causes and factors which were responsible for the alienation between the two governments and ultimate end of Benazir’s Government in 1990.</em></p> Imran Shahzad , Akhtar Hussain Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Re-Orientalism, (Mis) Representation of Islam and Women Rights: Analysis of Pakistani Anglophone Cultural Production <p><em>This study uses Lisa Lau’s concept of re-Orientalism as the theoretical underpinnings to analyze the selected South Asian Anglophone fiction. According to Lau (2009), the perpetration of Orientalism in South Asian literature in English is no longer an Orientalism propagated by the Occidentals but, ironically enough, by Orientals themselves. The colonial project of the wholesale stereotyping of the East by means of continuously repeating the negative image of its religions, people and culture did not end with the end of colonialism. The project to assign an inferior status to the people in the East and degrading their religion is still on; the only difference is that the role of the colonizers has now been taken by the comprador class, which is born and brought up here but which serves the agenda of the world powers. One of the instruments of this class is to launch a wholesale attack on Islam, and make attempts to negatively paint the whole religion by means of its widespread stereotyping. For that, cultural productions are seen as a potent tool in the great scheme of things. This is what the colonizers also did worldover when colonialism was on its peak. This study discusses Tehmina Durrani’s novel, entitled Blasphemy (1999), to analyze her dealing of Islam and the clergy in the literary text.</em></p> Inayat Ullah, Hafiz Javed Ur Rehman , Dr. Amir Ullah Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Islam and Environmental Issues in Pakistan <p><em>In the modern world environmental issues is regarded as one of the red-hot problems for human being. Environmental issues of Pakistan are connected mostly with an excessive economic and social growth in current eras. In recent times devastation of the environment has deteriorated because of the unrestrained misuse of natural resources by human beings in order to make revenues. The natural resources like water, air, land, plants etc. are for the God’s creatures. This is why, Allah has not given control of all these to man but He spread them at liberty in the earth so that every individual could get profits from them with their capacity. So, for every Muslim, environmental protection is a religious responsibility. Moreover, with the support of world organizations and different régimes, we are trying to get rid of this problem. But if the people from every field of life of Pakistan do not become aware about the protection of such type of degradation, apparently these will not have any outcome. Islam, one of the major religions of the world which have, as followers, one fifth of world population, can play a significant role in this respect. Its moral teachings and rules-regulation encourage individuals on these matters so that we could implement our policies to guard the environment and make our earth appropriate for the future generations. This article is an effort to explain the environmental issues with Islamic view pointed fortification in the light of Quranic verses and Islamic narrations. </em></p> Abdul Waheed, Dr. Adil Khan, Ejaz Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 نقد الإمام شهاب الدين الآلوسي في تفسيره على الامام فخر الدين الرازي (دراسة تحليلية نقدية) <p><em>This article studies the criticism of Imam Shahab Uddin Al-Alusi (1270AH/ 1803AD) in his Tafsir name</em><em>d</em><em> by “Ruhul Maani fi Tafsir al Quran al Azeem wa Sabel Mathani”. He is famous for his criticism and observations and his Tafsir is considered as an encyclopaedia of the Exagsis due too it comprehensiveness and detailed discussion. Imam Al-Alusi has criticized in his tafsir Imam Fakhr Uddin Al-Razi (606AH/ 1210AD) in so many issue. Imam Al-Razi is a prominent scholar of 6<sup>th</sup> century and the author of&nbsp; Tafsir “Mafateeh ul Ghaib known as “ Al-Tafsir Al-Kabeer”. The criticism of Imam Al-Alusi on Imam Al-Razi is related to various branches of Islamic studies such as exegetical, grammatical, juristical. Linguistical etc. Here in this article we had studied few example for explaination in this regard with critical anlaysis.</em></p> Muhammad idrees, Dr musaab iftikhar durrani Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Modern Spirituality of the Educational Thoughts of Mowlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Rūmī <p>The role played by Islamic scholars from the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the present day in guiding them to the right path of knowledge and making it a constructive and useful source of faith may be found in other religions. Among them is Mowlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn &nbsp;Rūmī, who has played an important role in making knowledge a purposeful, useful and means of reaching Allah. Mowlānā Rūmī is perhaps the only person in the scientific history of Islam who has equal access to both external and internal sciences. He was as great a scholar of religion and jurisprudence as he was in his time. As a religious scholar, his scholarly prowess was such that when a problem could not be solved by anyone, he would eventually be brought to his service and he would solve it in a few moments. Knowledge and education have a special place in the thoughts of Mowlānā, by studying which we can clearly know the importance and greatness of knowledge. What should be the knowledge? What should be the method of teaching? According to Mowlānā, knowledge is like an endless sea and the seeker of knowledge dives into these seas. If a student lives for thousands of years, he will still not be able to make ends meet. That there are no two hungry heads, one seeking the development of the world and the other, the other seeking knowledge and its means.</p> <p>Knowledge and wisdom are obtained from lawful sustenance. If knowledge is used to fulfill the material needs of the self, then Islam proves to be fatal for humanity. And if this power is acquired for the attainment of pure spiritual goals, then it proves to be a reliable companion of man. In other words, in order to become a true scholar, it is necessary for <em>Mowlānā</em> to follow these conditions. Suppressing one's desires, becoming accustomed to hard work, overcoming the fear of life, judging religion as a precedent over the world, seeking the unknown and gaining knowledge, conveying it to others, attaining knowledge Are the basic condition. We can see a glimpse of the important role of teachers in education in <em>Mowlānā</em><em> Rumi</em>'s thoughts. There is a need to study <em>Mowlānā</em><em> Rumi</em>'s educational ideas in modern times.</p> Dr. Zainab Amin, Dr.Farhat, Zishan Ahmad Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ھدایہ کی کتاب السیر: (عشر و خراج تا باب البغات) کی فقہی و قانونی درجہ بندی، مصادر اور اختلاف ائمہ خمسہ کے ادلہ کے تناظر میں <p><em>Fiqaha–i-Islami has been started in the 1<sup>st</sup> century (Hijri) and a great deal of work has been done over it till now. Islamic history shed light on some will reported school of thoughts (masaliks) but the lack of research subjected these (masaliks) as extinct. However some of these masaliks, still exist. Imam Abu Abdullah Jafar Sadiq (765/148), Imam Abu Hanifa Nauman Bin Sabith (767/150) Imam-e-Malik Bin Anas (784/170), Imam–e-Shafie (819-203), Imam-e-Ahmad Bin Hambal (855-241) and Imam Abu Sulaiman Daud Bin Ali Alzahiri (935/324) are few illustrations. Their disciples (students) then had accomplished the task and scripted an extensive literature in which the most comprehensive one is that of Ali Bin Abi Bakar Almarghinani’s (593) work “Alhidiyah”. Time did not tarnish its reputation as it is paramount and like a back bone in the Hanafi school of thought. It was profoundly felt that all the illustrations should properly be labeled and to make them in proper order along with reference to various sources. Apart from Hanafi school of thought, the disagreements and concurrences of this book with Jafri school of thought, Maliki and Shafi schools of thought, Hambali and Zahri schools of thought should be draw up. Moreover, the arguments of these disagreement and concurrences should be based on the manifestations of Quran and Sunnah. Researcher has toilsomely accomplished the task from hidayah book asseyr chapter Ushar and Khiraj to chapter Al-Bughaat. </em></p> Maaz Aziz, Hafiz Hifaztullah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Islamic Civilization and Culture Sat, 26 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000