Decoding Sidhwa’s Ice-Candy-Man and its selected adaptation: with reference to Decolonization in Islamic History

  • Muhammad Farooq University of Georgia America
  • Qazi Waqas Ahmad The University of Jyväskylä Finland
  • Syed Naeem University of California Loss Angeles UCLA, USA


The present research paper aims at analyzing Sidhwa’s Ice-Candy-Man and the selected Visual adaptation directed by Deepa Mehta in the light of Third Cinema and anti-colonial theory. The paper refers to the geographical resemblance between the Anti-colonial theory and Third Cinema approach (as both deal with the issues of Third World countries) and ideological similarities between them in respect of their goals and aims. The article examines Anti-Colonial theory as a counter-narrative in the domain of Post-Colonial Studies. Similarly, it analyzes Third Cinema approach as a counter-projection in Third Cinema studies because it deconstructs the false and biased projection of the issues of Third World by dominant cinema and reconstructs a new version of projections based on reality. Similarly, the paper also touches upon the concept of colonization and resistance with reference to Islamic history. The paper shows that the selected text and cinematography challenge the notion of colonialism and create awareness among the suppressed and marginalized people and prepare them act in order to define their identity and to resist against the colonial cruelties.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Farooq, University of Georgia America

PhD Scholar (English) Department of Communication Studies

Qazi Waqas Ahmad, The University of Jyväskylä Finland

PhD Scholar Department of Education

Syed Naeem, University of California Loss Angeles UCLA, USA

Post-doctoral fellow